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A deadly cholera outbreak has erupted across Haiti's Artibonite Department, claiming at least 3800 lives and sickening more than 300000 others. The first registered cholera epidemic in Haiti in decades is the worst public health catastrophe since the January 12 earthquake. Waterborne in nature, cholera is spreading primarily from ingesting water contaminated with the Vibrio cholera bacterium, usually carried in human feces. Symptoms include severe dehydration, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.